Historical Facts

Historical Facts

Dwight Mission
Sketch of Dwight Mission established by Cephas Washburn (1793-1860), a protestant missionary to the Western Cherokees, near present-day Russellville, Arkansas, 1820.

The Arkansas Creed (1972)
I believe in Arkansas as a land of opportunity and promise.
I believe in the rich heritage of Arkansas and I honor the men and women who created this heritage.
I believe in the youth of Arkansas who will build our future.
I am proud of my state.I will uphold its constitution, obey its laws, and work for the good of all its citizens.



State motto (1836) Regnat Populus (The People Rule)
State flower (1901) apple blossom
State bird (1929) mockingbird
State tree (1939) pine
State gem (1967) diamond
State mineral (1967) quartz crystal
State rock (1967) bauxite
State insect (1973) honeybee
State beverage (1985) milk
State instrument (1985) fiddle
State fruit and blossom (1987) South Arkansas vine ripe pink tomato
Official state anthem (1987) Arkansas by Eva Ware Barnett
Official state historical song (1987) The Arkansas Traveler (lyrics by the Arkansas State Song Selection Committee, 1949; music by Col. Sanford "Sandy" Faulkner, 1850)
Official state songs (1987) Arkansas (You Run Deep in Me) by Wayland Holyfield
Oh, Arkansas by Terry Rose and Gary Klaff
State American Folk dance (1991) square dance
State mammal (1992) White-tail deer
State soil (1997) Stuttgart soil series
State cooking vessel (2001) Dutch Oven
State butterfly (2007) The Diana Fritillary butterfly
State grain (2007) rice
State grape (2009) Cynthiana (Vitis Aestivalis)
State nut (2009) pecan